Founded in 1961, AI is one of the oldest and most prominent transnational human rights organizations, with international headquarters in London. The organization relies on 3 million members and supporters in 150 countries to carry out its work, and policies are vetted through complex processes and structures that involve membership in the decisions.
NGE – Non-governmental entity. A term used by Amnesty International and other human rights organizations in the 1980s in reference to insurgent groups and other non-government political entities that commit human rights abuses. It has largely been replaced by the generic term non-state actor.