ICCPR – International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. A core human rights treaty that together with the UDHR and the ICESCR comprise the bedrock of international human rights law. It commits ratifying countries to respect, protect and fulfill civil and political rights. Adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1966 and in force since 1976.
NGE – Non-governmental entity. A term used by Amnesty International and other human rights organizations in the 1980s in reference to insurgent groups and other non-government political entities that commit human rights abuses. It has largely been replaced by the generic term non-state actor.