NGE – Non-governmental entity. A term used by Amnesty International and other human rights organizations in the 1980s in reference to insurgent groups and other non-government political entities that commit human rights abuses. It has largely been replaced by the generic term non-state actor.
HRW – Human Rights Watch. A prominent international human rights NGO that originated as a series of US-based “watch committees.” The first such committee was charged to monitor Soviet compliance with the 1975 Helsinki Accords. Subsequent committees were formed to monitor human rights concerns in Latin America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Before consolidating as “Human Rights Watch” in 1988 the organization was known as the Watch Committees.